LumaSuite blog-How music can heal you
How music can help you heal
November 20, 2018
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Xavi Font’s flugelhorn

LumaSuite blog- Xavi Font fiscorn flugelhorn

LumaSuite blog- Xavi Font fiscorn flugelhorn

I have had the opportunity to meet Xavi Font i Rius due to his interest in flugelhorn cases. The truth is that I didn't know this instrument, and we both wanted to create a post so that a little more is known.

Xavi is curious, methodical and likes to prepare very conscientiously his classes as a musical pedagogue in four music schools in the province of Tarragona. He believes that music education should be more integrated into the educational system, in order to learn to listen, to be autonomous and at the same time to know how to work together. From the age of ten, he began to study music at the municipal music school in his native town, La Fatarella, and a little later to play the piston trombone and later the fiscorn. We tell you why.

All trombonists can play the fiscorn (flugelhorn) directly?

If they play the trombone with pistons yes. (Thoughtful). Also bombardino and tuba, because they have the same fingering.

Thus, to start... What is a flugelhorn?

It is a conical metal wind instrument, from the mouthpiece to the bell the tube becomes a little wider, unlike the trumpets that are considered cylindrical. It comes from the German flügel, which developed towards low-pitched sounds adding keys and giving rise to the oficleide (1817), also known as figle. This was like a kind of bassoon with keys and a trombone mouthpiece.

When valves were invented and accepted, they were quickly incorporated into metal instruments. Thus, the fiscorn of cobla is a bass flugelhorn (Bassflügelhorn) with valves, of Germanic origin, with wide pipe and totally conical. Possibly between the year 1840 and 1850, the Italian constructor A. Rampone, fruit of a order of Spanish origin, fabricated the first fiscorn for a cobla.

The Catalan musician Pep Ventura in 1840 began to update the cobla and replaced the oficleides of that time with the fiscorn. Right now it is in Catalonia where it is played the most in the world, and possibly the only place.

How does this instrument sound?

Try this link!

What is a cobla?

The cobla is the instrumental assembly typical of Catalonia. Currently, after Pep Ventura's reform, it was left with a stable group of 11 musicians playing 12 instruments: flabiol and tamborí, 2 tibles, 2 tenoras, 2 trumpets, 1 trombone, 2 bass flugelhorns and a double bass. The cobla is in charge of playing sardanas (almost always in the street because it is folk music), although there are also other music genres for coblas: symphonic music, dance songs and concerts.

Recommend me a sardana

The most emblematic are Es la Moreneta, 'Juny' by Juli Garreta, Somni and La Santa Espina.

"It is necessary to prepare the children musically very well from the basis, because if the basis is not solid, what comes later is worse."
Playing in a cobla and working as a teacher, do you conciliate well work, family and personal life?

Uf! Everyday life is complicated at school, because you have to do a lot of previous work. I have small children (nervous laughter). The truth is that classes are a small part of the work because most of it is the preparation of those classes.

I am happy because with the help of my experience and the materials I am accumulating, it becomes more and more enjoyable. It is necessary to prepare the children musically very well from the basis, because if the basis is not solid, what comes later is worse.

Xavi says goodbye sharing a confession I love: "I am very surprised at the strong involvement and motivation of my adult students, with whom we formed an amateur band five years ago, the BigBand BUMT. It has helped me to realize that both children and adults can learn music and take a huge advantage of it for their lives".

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